Mathews, to call up the local militia to break the strike. In Martinsburg, West Virginia, a small number of local volunteer militiamen tried to break strike against the Baltimore and Ohio. Not only did this lead to a rise in unions but also clamped down on corporations' brutal treatment of workers. The length of the work day was calculated by miles rather than hours, and that mileage more than doubled. Louis Workingmen's Party joined 1,000 railroad workers and residents.
Police was not able to suppress the strike when it started on Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, in Martinsburg. . They've asked for things we can't grant them at all. Others like Reading Railroad kingpin Franklin Gowen pushed the men and had detectives spy on them. Pennsylvania A day before the Baltimore incident, a rail yard strike in Pittsburgh had ignited. Fires were started by rioters and the militia fired on the mob killing 10 strikers and injuring a further 25. The police attacked the crowds.
The stereograph views differed from other visual media of the day. He also refused to stand with workers outside the union in a unified effort to bring about change. The militia opened fire and ten protestors were killed. But with the political cards in their favor, the railroads enjoyed all the power. Solidarity was the order of the day. The conflict began that with a wage reduction on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad quickly escalated as the Governor of Maryland and the President of the B and O called not only for local militia but also federal troops to suppress the strike and reopen the railroads.
Garrett, president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, issued a 10 percent pay cut in early July 1877, B and O employees up and down the line were exasperated. From Maryland to Missouri, railroad workers protested what they felt was a stranglehold by corporate interests. Their editor, writing that September, asserted: We frankly own that the scenes at Pittsburgh and Chicago were worthy only of the savages who in earlier years roasted and otherwise tortured the Roman priests in Canada. In 1850, barely more than 2,000 miles of track had been laid. Can you rely on yours? When it was over, 20 people were dead including one woman and three children and another 29 injured.
The ruling elite, badly shaken by the widespread protests, thought a revolution was underway. Within two hours the mob was moving about the city, sacking shops and breaking into armories and a local gun factory to procure arms. On top of the recent wage cuts, the Pennsylvania Railroad had also announced it would be doubling the length of trains heading east but without additional staff. With the railroad struggling, the bank essentially wrote blank checks to further bond sales. At the sight of soldiers with attached bayonets on their guns, they fled. Railroad Strike of 1877 Fact 4: Cause: The Great Railroad Strike occured during the economic depression known as the that lasted for six years and lead to extreme financial hardships, destitution, civil unrest, demonstrations, protests and the first nationwide strikes. The mayor of East St.
For Further Reading There are many sources today that deal with story of the Railroad Strike of 1877. Hartranft was away in Wyoming Territory at the time to call up the state's Sixth Division in Pittsburgh. A major depression settled on the nation in the 1870s beginning with a panic on Wall Street in 1873, its origins located squarely in the railroad network and economy. The company tried to bring on replacements — many experienced men were unemployed because of the depression — but the strikers assembled at Camden Junction, three miles from Baltimore, would not let trains run in any direction. The rebellion of the rail workers now spread. Louis, the strikes became general, rallying thousands of workers from all types of occupations.
Eventually, force was enacted when fresh troops of Brooklyn's 23rd Regiment broke up the walkout and the strike ended on July 26th. He took more than forty photographs for stereograph cards, a popular 19th century parlor amusement that allowed people to see three-dimensional views of famous scenes. Please be informed that this paper shall not be copied, partially or fully, for any reason and any official use. Fearing the Sixth would be loyal to the strikers, it was quickly replaced by Philadelphia's First Division, soldiers who had no direct connection with the men. By the 1876, there was a power struggle which brought changes to everything which relatively named these issues as blacklisting. And in Chicago, a near-general strike affecting the entire city united workers across color and ethnic lines, demanding the eight-hour day. Nowhere was this more apparent than in the fantastic growth of rail transport and its supporting industries.
A strike by railroad workers sparked a coast-to-coast conflagration, as workers driven by despair and desperation battled troops in the streets of major U. The steady movement of rural dwellers to urban industrial areas and ever-increasing numbers of immigrants provided business owners a constant source of cheap labor, willing to work under the most deplorable of conditions. The railroad's problems, though, were far from over as several other strikes had broken out across its then-2,700 mile network. The show of force got the trains running, releasing the 13 locomotives and 1,500 freight cars bottled up in Martinsburg. Wage cuts began earlier, June first, on the Pennsylvania Railroad; the Brotherhood of Engineers, Conductors and Firemen did nothing to protect its members, and workers took matters into their own hands.