The family was broken up and sent to various orphanages. Wasn't the riot providing them profitable news footage? The apparent attack led Gilligan to fire a third round that killed the young Powell. Blacks in Detroit had also attained a share in political power, with several high-level officials in the. In addition to the Guardsmen, 934 Los Angeles police officers and 718 officers from the were deployed during the rioting. Aftermath The race riots of the 1960s led President Johnson to establish a National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders in 1967. However, the patrolmen refused him because of his obvious condition.
Anderson announced an 8 p. It also shows the extent to which White people provided for the Black population in Watts. Over the course of the six-day riot, over 14,000 California National Guard troops were mobilized in South Los Angeles and a curfew zone encompassing over forty-five miles was established in an attempt to restore public order. More than a thousand people were injured, and forty-three people had been killed. The multitude of street walkers which inhibit any big city on a summer day now began to stop and watch. Others joined the riot by breaking into stores, stealing whatever they could, and some setting the stores on fire.
Their greed would be a windfall for the black community. A curfew was declared for all black-majority neighborhoods in Los Angeles, and a policy of mass arrest was enacted. Buzzing around them are children who frolic unsupervised far into the night, wearing latchkeys on strings around their necks because there is nobody at home to care for them. The rioters spread through the neighborhood and far beyond, growing in numbers until they outnumbered the city's four thousand police. Despite the momentous achievement of two landmark Civil Rights Acts, northern citirs exploded--the long hot summer 1965. Above: New York police detectives examine the charred remains of a police cruiser, the target of a well-aimed Molotov.
People can be talking about why a bill failed to pass, or why their favorite team failed to win, or why a baby was crying. Some participants chose to intensify the level of violence by starting physical fights with police, blocking the firemen of the Los Angeles Fire Department from their safety duties, or even beating white motorists. The crowd would have none of it. The hatred had been fanned to dangerous levels. In fact, there was almost a perverse competition going on now among whites and blacks as to whose prose or rhetoric could create the most shocking or the most poignant illustration of black persecution, victimization or oppression none of which, in reality, actually existed. White motorists in the area were pulled out of cars and beaten. Remember, 288 business were report looted and burned in the Watts riots.
These riots included not only destroying communities, but killing people as well. Nevertheless, blacks were getting jobs all over the country from White males, and particularly in Los Angeles. Frye was pulled over by Los Angeles police on suspicion of being drunk behind the wheel. Police came to the scene to break up the crowd several times that night, but were attacked when people threw rocks and chunks of concrete. The ink was hardly dry on the Voting Rights Act Johnson had signed just days previous to help empower the black community. It was in this context that Marquette Frye's arrest in 1965 touched off one of the worst riots in the history of Los Angeles.
Public opinion polls studied in the few years after the riot showed that a majority believed the riots were linked to groups who were active in the area protesting high unemployment rates and racial discrimination. Thirty-four people were killed, and there were 1,032 reported injuries. They were taught to hate black and love white. Citations in the reported that Gilligan had disarmed suspects in the past. Minor fights began between demonstrators and police, and sixteen African American leaders were arrested and brought into the police station. A rumor quickly spread that the woman was pregnant and had been abused by the arresting officers. There is a common thread, a common denominator if you will, in each of the five black-initiated riots since July of 1964: White Police Officers.
Homes were not attacked, although some caught fire due to proximity to other fires. However, the governing bodies worked to restrict our social, political and physical boundaries by not instituting the Fair Housing Laws passed in 1964. In 1965, unemployment for blacks in Watts is anywhere from 20% to 30%, four to six times the national average. Harlem was caught in the gravitational pull of rebellion and there was no veering off course. As this area was known to be under much racial and social tension, debates have surfaced over what really happened in Watts. Forty years later veterans from this time described it as a rebellion not a riot. Minikus, a white highway patrol officer, pulled over Marquette Frye, a black man, on suspicion of drunken driving.
A struggle ensued shortly resulting in the arrest of Marquette and Ronald Frye, as well as their mother. In September, Gilligan was cleared of any wrongdoing by a and charges were dropped. The riots also stemmed from the Second Great Migration, in which African Americans from the South moved northward and westward from 1941 to 1970 in an attempt to escape oppressive Jim Crow laws. The war on poverty thus seemed to be a response to the Watts Riots, and the riots seemed to demonstrate the need for the war on poverty. When black people began to speak out about the injustices they faced during the Civil Rights Movement, white Americans living in these areas were horrified by what they thought they saw, and what they saw was the work of a lawless black mob incited to riot by the war on poverty that had been initiated by President Johnson. Homes have been destroyed, Negroes are lying dead in the streets, the stores from which you buy food and clothes are destroyed, and people are bringing you relief.