Western Ghats meet Eastern Ghats at Nilgiri Hills. Ishwar, Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun, India, Barry Noon, Department of Fish and Wildlife Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, U. The average elevation today is about 520 m, but reaches 1,100 m at Bhairani Konda and 1,048 m at Gundla Brahmeswara. A total of thirty-nine properties including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests were designated as world heritage sites - twenty in , ten in , five in and four in. The Western Ghats is home to 174 species of 107 and 67 , including 69 endemics. The Thai Ghat, Bhor Ghat and Pal Ghat are three important passes in the Western Ghats, which provide passage for roads and railways, between the Konkan plains in the west and the Deccan plateau in the east. The northern portion of the narrow coastal plain between the Western Ghats and the is known as the , the central portion is called and the southern portion is called.
Today, a large part of the range has been logged or converted to agricultural land for tea, coffee, rubber and oil palm, or cleared for livestock grazing, reservoirs and roads. The Massif is considered the farthest northeast extension of the Eastern Ghats. The Velikonda Range eventually descends to the coastal plain in northern , while the Nallamalla Range continues to the River Krishna. The major rivers of Odisha with their tributaries have cut deep and narrow valleys. A shot from the same Kottiyoor! Other rock types found are , gneiss, , , metamorphic with detached occurrences of crystalline , iron ore, and. In the southern part, the Nallamalai range is the most prominent.
During the year 2015-16 Girijan Cooperative Corporation Ltd collected 1400 M. Sensing opportunity, many farm houses, hill resorts, and bungalows have come up in these regions that are always full of tourists. The mountain ranges run parallel to the Bay of Bengal. The foothill region east of the Ghats in is known as , while the eastern foothills of the central Karnataka state is known as. The Eastern Ghats run from the northern through to in the south passing some parts of. Rainfall in this region averages 300 centimetres 120 in to 400 centimetres 160 in with localised extremes touching 900 centimetres 350 in.
They almost disappear between the Godavari and the Krishna. This part comprises the Maliya and the Madugula Konda ranges. The largest population of tigers outside the is in the Western Ghats where there are seven populations with an estimated population size of 336 to 487 individuals occupying 21,435 km 2 8,276 sq mi forest in three major landscape units spread across Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The slope is gentle towards the eastern side of the Western Ghats and the main rivers like the Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri rise from the eastern slopes and flow eastwards and fall into the Bay of Bengal. The Farmer Companies are 1. The range is known as Sahyadri in and. Other rivers with high species numbers include the , , and , as well as upstream tributaries of the , , and rivers.
The area is ecologically sensitive to development and was declared an ecological hotspot in 1988 through the efforts of ecologist. The average height of this region is about 900 metres above mean sea level. They have been cut across by major rivers like the Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna and Kaveri. The data shows, the area of the wetlands in 2007 was 7,66,066 hectares and now it is only 1,65,486 hectares. They run almost parallel to the east coast. The total amount of rain does not depend on the spread of the area with areas in northern Maharashtra receiving heavy rainfall followed by long dry spells, while regions closer to the equator receive less annual rainfall and have rain spells lasting several months in a year.
The Eastern Ghats run from the northern through to in the south passing some parts of and in the of Kerala. Ranjit Daniels, Care Earth, Compiled by S. The Madugula Konda Range is located in the northern portion of the Eastern Ghats. The big players also started occupying the lands in the area for big plantations and the boom in tourism led to the popping up of resorts and other related industries. The mountains reach elevations of 3,000 to 5,000 feet 900 to 1,500 metres in the north, rise less than 3,000 feet in the area south of Goa, and are higher again in the far south, reaching 8,652 feet 2,637 metres at mountain. Western Ghats have several man-made lakes and reservoirs with major lakes at 34 hectares 84 acres in Nilgiris, 26 hectares 64 acres and in , , Karlad Lake in , lake, 6 hectares 15 acres and Letchmi 2 hectares 4.
The Komuki River originates in this range and flows into the Bay of Bengal, along with the River. The Tirumala Hills are located along the Seshachalam-Velikonda Range of the Eastern Ghats. A number of hill resorts are located in the mountains. This hill range brings much more rainfall to the eastern part of its surrounding areas during the northwest. In the southern tail of Orissa, Mahendragiri peak is 1500 meters high.
Deccan plateau lies between Western and Eastern Ghats. In the second half of the 19th century, the British planters occupied a very large area for cultivating cash crops like tea, coffee, and spices. The region is also home to many. Endemic genera include the toads , , and arboreal frogs such as , and ; microhylids like. The migrated settlers are engaged in farming and plantation crop production such as spices, coffee, tea, etc.