Politicians and businessmen felt the brunt of the Great Railroad strike and decided to take measures that would deter the repeat of such actions. The working public quickly realized they held the power to shutdown business and the capitalistic system. Capitalists may stuff cotton in their ears, the subsidized press may write with apparent indifference, as boys whistle when passing a graveyard, but those who understand the forces at work in society know already that America will never be the same again. Young Preceded by Succeeded by In office January 13, 1868 — January 8, 1872 Lieutenant Preceded by Succeeded by Member of the from 's district In office March 4, 1865 — July 20, 1867 Preceded by Succeeded by Personal details Born m. Even among Republicans, devotion to continued military Reconstruction was fading in the face of persistent Southern insurgency and violence. Congress then passed a law forming the electoral commission comprising fifteen members to produce the elections winner. While some unions did exist, they had declined considerably, so that by 1877 only nine national unions existed with only 50,000 members.
By July 18th, with no end in sight, Governor Matthews' call for U. They took over the telegraph lines and proceeded to run the railroad under workers' control. Some national politicians talked of labour reforms, but nothing came of it. In his 1878 book Strikers, Communists, Tramps and Detectives, blamed the unrest on a combination of proponents and the high degree of transiency of the American working class at the time. Hayes' policies would make and the dissatisfied farmers of the West into allies of the organizing workers. The hotly contested election of pitting Samuel Tilden and Rutherford Hayes was also a trigger to the chaos. Word of the strike spread quickly, and so did the arrival of militia.
A virtual ensued in the city, with iron and steel workers, miners, and labourers joining the action. Democrats, for their part, trumpeted Tilden's record of reform and contrasted it with the. The fire destroyed 39 buildings of the Pennsylvania Railroad, 104 engines, 46 passenger cars, and over 1,200 freight cars. After the strike, unions became better organized than what it was before and the number of strikes increased as well. Millions of dollars of property was destroyed, more than a hundred lives were lost, with many more injuries.
On July 21st, the new units tried to establish control and ultimately fired upon a crowd that had formed. For railroads, the usual tactic to quell such unrest was simply firing and blacklisting any employee s involved. Democratic Representative of proposed a bill that would require the United States to coin as much silver as miners could sell the government, thus increasing the money supply and aiding debtors. His political reputation rose with his professional plaudits. With no money and no visible relief on the horizon, Americans took out their frustrations on the available targets: government, corporations, banks, immigrants. In terms of immediate gains, the strike failed. But with the political cards in their favor, the railroads enjoyed all the power.
In all of this, some gains were made but—in the opinion of Friedrich Sorge, the old warhorse of the First International with extensive labor contacts—two severe limitations turned potential victories into defeat. They presided over the first mass industry, controlled the destiny of thousands and wielded immense political influence. Hayes became an advocate for educational charities, advocating federal education subsidies for all children. The , led by , began in June 1877 when Major General ordered them to move on to a. In fact, the utter defeat of the workers through the use of U. The big impact that the strike had on everything was that after the Great Railroad Strike, states formed new militias unit and National Guard armories were constructed in a number of cities due to some conspiracy statutes.
The governor, frustrated by the lack of local cooperation, sent in guard units from Philadelphia. Outside of the Western hemisphere, Hayes's biggest foreign policy concern dealt with. In one case, he used a form of the that saved the accused from the ; the woman was instead confined to a mental institution. These selfish actions precipitated and justified the striking actions by the workers. The robber barons and captains of industry of the last quarter of the nineteenth century were all under forty in 1861: Jay Gould, Jim Fisk, J. In a nation struggling to recover from a financial panic, with high unemployment and growing immigrant populations, tension was high.
This economic cataclysm is now referred to as the. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was the response of outraged railroad workers to pay cuts, layoffs and the general profiteering of the large railroad companies during times of economic distress. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. Tilden was considered a formidable adversary who, like Hayes, had a reputation for honesty. That September, Hayes's regiment was called east to reinforce General 's at the. This was the first major strike broken by the U. Louis continued operation of non-freight trains themselves, collecting fares; rail officials would have preferred to have all service extinguished, so that passengers would discredit the strikers and side with the companies.
The strike began on July 16, 1877 and lasted nearly two weeks. Other employees saw a good sample and joined the movement. Sherman agreed with Hayes's favorable opinion of the Act, and stockpiled gold in preparation for the exchange of greenbacks for gold. A crew abandoned work on a cattle train at day's end, and workers refused to replace them. In May 1877, Pennsylvania Railroads imposed a 10 percent wage reduction on their workers. The Lexington of the Labor Conflict at Hand. While film of the day was too slow to capture the action shown in illustrations, Albee and Riddle may have had other reasons for focusing on what they did.