Initially, the reader has no idea what the lottery truly entails, which is a sanitized ritual in brutality. The ending is very unsettling and I would even categorize it as a horror story. I would say the most major and obvious type of irony used here was situational irony. Shirley struck a nerve in mid-twentieth-century America. The theme is to show how easily a village of friends and family can follow ways of others, even if it is cruel and unusual.
Wood chips were formerly used, but as the town expanded, only large quantities of paper would fit inside the black box. There is much symbolism in this tale, from the black box used to store the papers, the papers themselves, to the wooden stool used, the time and day the lottery takes place, the names of the participants, the method for killing the chosen one, and the chosen one herself. Jackson shows through the setting of the story, a small, close knit town, that even though a population can ignore evil, it is still prevalent in society for example: the Harlem Riots; the terrorist attacks on Sep. The secret to its success is embedded in the literature arising from Jackson 's use of many literary technic to evoke dramatic irony to its readers. The mature reader reads this as a fact of life, and recognizes the faults of society.
This again suggests that the tradition of the lottery is not only popular but it to also accepted, everybody has turned up. The story takes place in a small village, where the people are close and tradition is dominant. There are many signs of the tension of the day throughout the story, but most of them more subtle than piles of rocks. Jackson has many messages about human nature in this short story. Tessie is late to the lottery, having forgotten what day it is, and laughs that she couldn't leave her dishes in her sink. Old Man Warner, 'the oldest man in town,' references an old saying, 'Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon.
The story is very effective in raising many questions about the pointless nature of humanity regarding tradition and violence. The most important conflict in the story is between the subject matter and the way the story is told. What if, though, being the outcast meant life or death? Grand prizes, large sums of money or even a relaxing yet fun filled vacation? The tale begins with all the villagers gathering in the town square for the annual lottery that's not the twist , as if it were just another day. Slowly it dawns on us, the terrible outcome of what she describes. A lottery usually happens when a ticket is selected at random and whoever has the ticket receives a nice or in some cases, an extremely wonderful sum of money.
Every normal town has these buildings, which are essential for day-to-day functioning. The names of the two men who run the lottery, Mr. In this short story the Lottery takes place in a small village in which the town gathers around in order to pick names out of the box. They feel as if they cannot change or even try to change any parts of the tradition, however, no one is forcing them to keep doing the lottery. Tessie Hutchinson wins the lottery! The story begins with a sense of liberation. The introduction of the black box carried by Mr.
The story reflects conformity by the villagers with a bizarre ritual that suggests how dangerous tradition can be when people follow it blindly. Families carry the very ordinary names of Warner, Martin and Anderson. But, have you ever wondered how much your traditions have changed since when they were started. This may be important as Jackson may be using Old Man Warner and his age as symbolism not only for the acceptance of the tradition of the lottery but he may also represent its advocacy support. Jackson uses the characters not only to visualize the story for the reader, but also each one has a meaning, which adds to the ultimate theme.
Children are portrayed as blank slates ready to learn the ways of the world from society. This leads us to believe that the rest of the story is as cheery as the summer day initially described. The lottery and the stones symbolize the way and the fashion in which people today are used as scapegoats. There is a longing to preserve the youth so they can go on in the future. Jackson has used foreshadowing to hint at the ominous ending, dropping a few hints about the story's twist in the opening scene. The reader is gently pushed in the direction of comfort and safety when the story begins through Jackson 's… consequences of failing to question and criticize rituals can lead to the primitive downfall of human nature.
There are people in other villages who have abandoned the lottery and eventually perhaps this town will change as well. Are we correct in still continuing the tradition even though there is a victim involved? Jackson has many messages about human nature in this short story. Summers begins to call the names of each family alphabetically, and each head of the household, usually the husband and father, comes forward to take a slip of paper from the black box. She is the one who picks up a stone she is barely able to carry to throw at Tessie Hutchinson. All that's left is the execution.