All psychic phenomena occur in social context and it becomes difficult to mark out the boundaries of social psychology and sociology as two, distinct entities. The meeting ground for sociology and psychology is the basic fact that both deal with human beings and there is no certainty or precision about human reactions or behaviour. Similarly, the study of customs, behaviour, institutions, values etc. One manifestation of this convergence is the development of Industrial Sociology. They will study its impact on the lives of the people, their social institutions, etc. And the relations can be understood in terms of the units of the relationship.
The former studies society from the viewpoint of the community element while the latter from the viewpoint of psychological factors involved. Likewise the research conducted by Malinowski was proved valuable to sociology. Without Sociological background the study of political science will be incomplete. According to Sociology, there are two important factors… 2131 Words 9 Pages The relationship between science and religion as Western categories of thought has long been fraught with tension; academics suggest that the conflict between religion and science arose in the 17th century, as a result of the Galileo Affair, and continued into the 18th century Age of Enlightenment. For example, the historians would describe a war, all the circumstances accompanied with it, while sociologists would try to understand a war as a social phenomenon. Thus we need to clarify what kinds of background assumptions we hold. But the sociologist must collect the materials accumulated by the historian and place them in one human perspective and that is of human relations.
They deal with the same subject -matter viz men living in societies sometimes from the same point of view and the trends that the two shall continue to borrow from each other extensively. He discovers the supreme truth of humanity, the oneness of human relations and behaviour in the midst of diversity. Ethics throws light on the moral life of the primitive individuals and institutions. It has dealt almost exclusively economic variables — the relationship of price and supply, money flows, inputs-outputs and the like. Some sociologists might research the impact on the status of small business owners.
. Political science is a branch of social science dealing with the principles of organisation and government of human society. The problem of deciding upon the form of Government is best explained by having recourse to both sociology and political science. For instance cultural Anthropology studies man, especially primitive man and his culture only as they existed in times long past. Sociology looks at human beings during a specific time period, while anthropology looks at the overall growth and change of humans from ancestral times to present-day times. Martineau found the workings of capitalism at odds with the professed moral principles of people in the United States; she pointed out the faults with the free enterprise system in which workers were exploited and impoverished while business owners became wealthy. Sociology depends upon History in order to study past events and situations.
History and Political Science : Prof. The social sciences are subjects concerned with how humans interact with the world, and sociology is interested in the study of society. Both sciences explain the interdependency between man and society. Each of the social sciences has increased its base and has its roots in various systems of social philosophy. Though the conclusion drawn on the basis of the data may be known to the historians on the basis of the impressionistic evidence, which does reduce the value because it provides a concrete evidence for a previously held thesis.
To understand human nature and behaviour properly psychology depends on sociology. Sociology is senior to or older than political science in origin. Sociology emerged in around the 19 th century. The focus of sociologist is social interaction. Human internet and inquiry have always been the. History can thus be said to be didactic or advisory in character. Sociology And History Both sociology and modern historiography had their origin in 19th century.
Studies on voting behaviour, attitudes on political issues, voluntary organisations and the like have gained significance in political sociology. Anthropology believes in practical research. The relationship of sociology with economics is very close, intimate and personal. Article shared by The two social sciences History and Sociology, are different. Likewise the research done by Malinowski has proved valuable to sociology. The emergence of sociology can be traced back to the french revolution,industrial revolution. It is the study of human social behaviour resulting from the interaction of human minds.
History and Sociology : History and sociology are intimately related and a number of sociologists like Auguste Comte are also important figure in the development of historical studies. In consequence, there has occurred empirical and theoretical convergences between economics and sociology. The scope of sociology is wider than that of political science Political science studies the State and Government only, whereas sociology is concerned with the study of all social institutions. These could all be examples of public sociology, a branch of sociology that strives to bring sociological dialogue to public forums. Hence it has close and intimate relationship with Anthropology. A sociologist may also be interested in how individual units within society have a psychology that affects the whole. Sociology not only borrows from other social sciences but other social sciences also dependent on sociology.
Though philosophers like Comte would subordinate economics to, and include it in sociology. Historical anthropology is concerned with the cultures of the prehistoric period. Indeed on some occasions claims have been made that sociology is an all-inclusive science as seen in the work of Comte, and to some extent even Parsons. It includes the earth surface with all its physical features and natural resources, the distribution of land and water, mountain and plains, minerals, plants and animals, the climate and all the cosmic forces, gravitational, electric, radiational that play upon the earth and affect the life of man. How much transactions and interactions could occur between human beings? Sociology is also greatly affected by, political science in so far as it takes from political science facts pertaining to the organization and functions of the State. All social relationships are basically psychological both are positive sciences dealing with human experiences and behaviour. In order to competently understand this relationship, it is necessary to have a rudimentary knowledge of the fundamental methods and aims of each discipline.