It should also be noted that on a global scale the number of industrial workers is greater than ever, and that even in developed countries they may continue to play a disproportionately important role in the working-class movement. Or a billionaire investor who can shift the fates of thousands of people by moving their factory to a lower-cost area. While the bourgeoisie class continues to gain wealth and power, the proletariat falls in a downward spiral of social and economic crisis. He observed the cruelties and injustices that the poor working class endured during the period of industrial revolution, and was inspired to write of a society in which no oppression existed for any class of people. It's interests are, then, universal too.
In Germany, this historical function is fulfilled by National-Socialism, a broad current whose ideology is composed of all the putrid vapors of disintegrating bourgeois society. However, other classes such as landlords, petty bourgeoisie, peasants, and lumpenproletariat also exist, but are not primary in terms of the dynamics of capitalism. In a sense, this approximates the truth, and this gives superstructural elements their double character. Relations of production hinge on the distribution of property. Therewith, it has robbed the proletariat as a whole of the possibility of drawing under its direction the oppressed masses of the petty bourgeoisie.
But if the revolutionary party, in spite of a class struggle becoming incessantly more accentuated, proves time and again to be incapable of uniting the working class about it, if it vacillates, becomes confused, contradicts itself, then the petty bourgeoisie loses patience and begins to look upon the revolutionary workers as those responsible for its own misery. It is the primary instrument of political power in class society, consisting of organs of administration, and of force. This was socialism, which took several forms. The Communist revolution is a radical rupture in traditional property relations. Labor will put used for the good of all rather than for the enrichment of a particular class. Marx believed that capitalism would inevitably be brought down in this way due to the suffering of the working classes , and had to because this could not be done through a more legitimate system.
This exploitative work relationship recreates or reproduces itself continually. However, it was less its size than its structural and strategic location that made the proletariat important for Marx. She never sees the appropriation of surplus value directly. Yes, Marx was a social thinker. Even that wasn't enough, so steam and machinery came along to further.
Private propertythe ownership of the means of productionis the defining feature of the bourgeois mode of production. Capitalism gained vast amounts of surplus value, but it wasn't used to improve conditions, moreover it was used to gauge workers from the countryside, while the workers were kept in poverty. The bourgeois revolution also resulted in a liberalization of political and legal relations. The owner of capital is able, therefore, to take advantage of the value-producing power of the laborer, keeping the surplus value for himself. Remember: class is about your relation to how society produces goods and services. It was the industrial capitalists who employed labour to create capital that became the leading sector of the bourgeoisie, whose economic activities ultimately changed society. In The German Ideology, Marx described a three layered model of social life.
Feudalism - monarch owned the land, distributed to a hierachy of Lords, nobles, tenants etc Capitalism - the capitalists rich own the means of production, with the proletariat workers exchange their labour for monetary wages, whilst owning no means of production. Many dissenters maintain that no one will work if private property is abolished. It is about the power relations to other people. This is why Marx predicted the total impoverishment of the working class. In the course of the struggle to protect their interests, proletarians are repeatedly led to challenge bourgeois institutions for instance, by ignoring legal restrictions on strike action and to question the general framework of bourgeois ideas that confers legitimacy on the status quo.
For Marx, the injustice of capitalism is an essential feature of the way it functions, and not an accidental characteristic of the men who happen to be the owners of the means of production at any given moment. Marx expected that this class would disappear as capitalism developed, with members moving into the bourgeoisie or into the working class, depending on whether or not they were successful. This makes the parties agents of the ruling class, as they support capitalism. The capitalists realized they can no longer afford to keep increasing wages. Class, for Marx, is defined as a social relationship rather than a position or rank in society. The Dialect - History was seen as a logical progression, with each age a development from their predecessor.
The way industry was organized in the medieval period, with closed guilds, could not keep up with the growing wants of the new marketplaces. This would especially be the case in pre-capitalist or non-capitalist societies. Since Marx's prediction has not come true, sociologists and other writers have devoted much attention to explaining this middle grouping — what is its basis, what are the causes of its stability or growth, how it fits into the class structure, and what are the effects of its existence on proletariat and bourgeoisie. Marx was a dedicated atheist. Marx believed that alienation occurs when the state of working class poverty gets worse, when they are separated from their labour by being forced to sell it, when they are actually unable to buy their own produce because of the fact that they are only paid a fraction of what it's worth, and when their workplace becomes physically alien to them as they feel like the accessories of machines and the overall production process The most controversial policy.