Slide 27 Section 2 Slide 28 Mainly found in tropics. Main Idea 4: The countries of the Horn of Africa are among the poorest in the world. Only Ethiopia was not colonized. For example, the Zaire River is interrupted by 32 rapids and cataracts which constitute the Livingstone Falls in a descent of approximately 200 meters over a distance of 214 kilometers. Camels have adapted to their environment.
There are places along the rift where the valley walls are over a mile high! Savanna or Tropical Grassland The margin of the Savannah coincides with the rain forest belt where dry conditions begin. Diurnal mean range of temperature: 10 to over 15 oC 18-27 o F+ Major Ocean Currents Refer to any Atlas map of Africa : Winds that tend to blow persistently over the ocean tend to drag a thin surface layer of the water in their direction of flow. Centrally located among continents hence the opportunity to develop early trade and embark upon the conquest of surrounding countries. Africa is the only continent that straddles the equator and therefore incorporates both the Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn. The man-made waterway was completed in 1869, after 10 years of construction. The cool surface of Cool Ocean Currents causes moisture in winds blowing over them to condense and form fogs, etc.
These give way to xeros ols that are quite low in humus. Islam was a major religion in North Africa by 700. Main Idea 3: Both Sudan and Uganda have economies based on agriculture, but Sudan has suffered from years of war. Further away from the forest, as the dry season becomes more pronounced and more prolonged, the Savannah woodland thins out, and trees that are more drought resistant are found. The Ethiopian Highlands are very rugged and cut by deep river valleys.
Heavy rains make farming possible. The Portuguese built forts and settlements to support the slave trade. Aside from the unique geography of Africa, the continent is both an enigma and a wonder. In North West Africa, the hilly belts support forests of evergreen oak, including cork oak and cedar, although they are now much reduced by clearing and grazing. North of the equator, plateaus and mountains have a highland climate and dense forests.
They spit, burp, and even worse! By swallowing and regurgitating all day, chewing and chewing and chewing with sideways grinding motions, my special mouth pulverizes food and sucks out every last bit of nutrition. The Monsoon winds are moist and bring rainfall to the coasts of West Africa. In the 1700s Zanzibar became an international slave-trading center. Most Christians in East Africa live in Ethiopia. Pupils complete the A3 worksheet and answer the questions related to the various physical features of Africa.
Tourists are drawn to the coasts. The borders drawn by Europeans often lumped members of the two groups together in the same areas. Temperatures are much cooler than on the savanna. Farming is the major activity in both countries. Recently, a genocide occurred in a region called Darfur.
Dry summers and wet winters Mediterranean - Eastern South Africa and North Africa c. The Southern and Eastern areas have most of the highest areas of the continent 900-1200m. The absence of any major continental shelf as in Europe and the northeastern part of North America limits the development of fishing grounds and the opportunities of exploring for major petroleum sources of the coast. Clearing trees leads to desertification. Despite being impediments to transportation, most of the rivers provide a great potential for the production of hydro-electricity.
Pre-starter task: pupils think about the factors that determines where people choose to live environmental, economic, social and political reasons 3. Average width ranges between 20 miles 32 km and 50 miles 80 km. Many people are more familiar with the older name of the Great Rift Valley, which is part of the eastern branch of the East African Rift. Africa linked to Asia by an isthmus that was cut into a canal in 1869 Africa's location between the Atlantic and Indian Oceans and its great latitudinal extent constituted a barrier to trade between Europe and Asia. As a result, millions of people have fled Sudan as refugees. Slide 11 Waterways Slide 12 Lakes Most are found in the Great Rift Valley Slide 13 Lake Tanganyika Longest freshwater lake in the world.