In ; Jamal, Ahmed A. In the Conference procession, the young enthusiasts broke the ban and received in consequence a police lathi charge. Later writers of the period who introduced broad discussion of social problems and more colloquial forms of Bengali into mainstream literature included. As Professor Muin-ud-Din Ahmad Khan of the department of Islamic History and Culture of , observes: During nineteenth century A. The mis- sionaries were at once up in arms against the daring heathen. This was a plea for the teaching of useful Western sciences, in the place of the classical lore of grammatical niceties and metaphysical speculations in the true pre-Baconian fashion, which had been forcing the students to consume a dozen years in wrestling with imaginary learning in dead languages.
The conservative chiefs were tiSeiefore relenting in their attitude Radhakunta Deb and Ram- t. The intellectual honesty of Akshoy Kumar Datta made him see the point and gradually he won over Debendranath himself. Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose was a : a , , , , and writer of. All-roun4 reform endeavour attracted him still. Le- galisation was secured for the reform, though upper-class society was hardly convinced of the need of such a reform. Derozio was poet and Assistant Headmaster of Hindu College, Calcutta now , a radical thinker and one of the first Indian educators to disseminate Western learning and science among the young men of Bengal Renaissance.
Gain went on to found , while Mahalanobis laid the foundation of the. Moreover, the Bengalis were the pioneers in flourishing the nationalistic and patriotic feelings. The Muslim masses were largely neutral during the struggle as befitted their lack of political consciousness. He had Ram- rnohan's tenacity and seriousness of purpose, though not his va- riety of interest and width of outlook. The renaissance period after the saw a magnificent outburst of Bengali literature. Much of it has been repudiated and distorted.
In ; Jamal, Ahmed A. His deep learning and intellect made him one of the pioneers in the modern humanistic trend within even a foreign religious movement, Christianity. Mahomed All and his friends were in detention during the War. Rammohan conducted a Bengali and a Persian weekly to shape public opinion, the Sambad Kaumudi from the end of 1821, and the Mirat-ul-Akhbar from the beginning of 1822. Bengal: The British Bridgehead: Eastern India 1740-1828 The New Cambridge History of India.
The struggle raged in the countryside and the ranks of the people threw up their own leaders The Wahabi Raffique Mandal. Later writers of the period who introduced broad discussion of social problems and more colloquial forms of Bengali into mainstream literature included the great. Nowhere in the annals of Bengali literature are so many and so bright names found crowded together in the limited space of one century as those of Ram Mohan Roy, Akshay Kumar Dutt, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Hem Chandra Banerjee, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee and Dina Bandhu Mitra. The British 1814-lttS 7 rulers were partly apathetic and partly nervous about the outcry which would follow the forcible suppression of the rite. The Conference dispersed next day without functioning rather than submit to the ban, though it shrank from the suggestion of Krishna Kumar Mitra to continue proceedings and defy the official order. Important for the future was Biharilal Chakravarti 1835-1894 who went in for romantic lyricism, which attracted little attention at the time but later inspired the youthful muse of Rabindranath Tagore.
When Bentinck at last suppressed the rite on December 4, 1829, in the teeth of orthodox protests, it was Rammohan who strengthened the hands of the Government by organising a depu- tation and an address signed by 300 Hindus and by publishing an Abstract of Arguments in 1830 ; also a petition to Parliament was arranged by him to prevent any repeal of Bentinck's order. He sus- pended the publication of the latter in protest against the Press Ordinance of 1823. In the Muslim ranks, we find the Muslim League moving closer to Congress. Debendranath Tagore had abandoned under the influence of Akshoy Kumar Datta the belief in the Vedic infalli- bility. This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. We find him also an advocate of free intercourse between nations and in the domain of international relations he advanced the idea of a Franco-British Congress to settle disputes. Later in life, he mastered English thought and Western cul- ture.
Some scholars in , now hold Bengal Renaissance in a different light. They were not developed enough even for that. An uneasy situation continued to haunt the Indian scene. The Church had long taught that the human body was the source of evil. In the field of higher education there was the outstanding figure of Ashutosh Mukherji who by his devoted service and per- sonality minimised the Government control over Calcutta Uni- versity, converted the institution from a pure examining body to a partly teaching one, opened the Post-Graduate Teaching Depart- ments, organised the University College of Science and launched the Bengali scholars into sustained research work in science and ancient history. His international links are shown vividly in the fact that a book in Spanish with the new Constitution in it was dedicated to him. This page is copyright © 2008-12, C.
Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. At the Special Congress in Bombay, August, 1918, the long impending final breach at last took place. He had also set up Bengali types for printing and started the first Bengali newspaper, the weekly Samachar Darpan in 1818. The , including , were leaders of this period and had a particular interest in educational reform. Richardson who imparted to his college pupils an adulation of Shakespeare and romantic poetry.