With the independence of nations in the region in the 1960s, the north—south routes were severed by national boundaries. Introduction The motives which brought the people of West Africa into contact with the peoples of North Africa were primarily economic in origin. This trade could have started only after the adoption of dromedary by the Saharan peoples, for horses do not survive in the harsh conditions of the desert. The Trans-Saharan Caravan Trade Origins. · Construction of roads is expensive. Finally, no significant cultural influences did spread through these early contacts, but urbanization and state-formation started in Western Africa independently without any impulses from the Mediterranean civilizations. When the Roman Empire fell, the roads were neglected until the 18th Century when engineers in Europe developed better roads.
Search trans saharan trade and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. The Perspective of the World. Parts of the route were used starting c. The value of salt in Mali in West Africa was so high that sometimes gold and salt were traded at equal weight. There are various means of modern transport. The concept of this trip init of itself shows the effects of the trans-Saharan trade, because to embark on a Hajj requires an Islamic Religion, and this religion was brought to the ruler of Timbuktu by none other than the trans-Saharan trade route. Neverthless, the trade continued, until the railroads gave it the final death blow in the beginning of our century.
The trade route was the easternmost of the central routes. The survival of a caravan would be precarious and rely on careful coordination. The Sahara is a hostile expanse that separates the Mediterranean economy from the economy of the. These messages included the following, Calling for a meeting at the rulers palace, announcement of death, summoning warriors, wedding ceremony and arrival of strangers. Runners would be sent ahead to so that water could be shipped out to the caravan when it was still several days away, as the caravans could not carry enough with them to make the full journey. Wars were fought, lands colonized, and fortunes made on the back of the spice trade, making this trade route one of the most significant in terms of globalization. Kola nuts were frequently used in rituals, ceremonies, and celebrations.
National governments were hostile to nationalism and so made few efforts to maintain or support trans-Saharan trade, and the of the 1990s and further disrupted routes, with many roads closed. Transported mostly people id est captured Africans from west Africa. Trade between these two regions was a natural consequence of the different environments and way of life enjoyed by the Berbers and the West African peoples who inhabited the two regions. A viable cloth-production industry began around the eleventh century in Djenné, Takrur, Timbuktu, and Gao and lasted well into the eighteenth century. The Perspective of the World. Goods included precious metals, such as gold, as well as slaves. West Africa received salt, cloth, beads, and metal goods.
This was done by lighting fire on top of a hill. Finally, from Cyrenaicain or Aujila in eastern Libya a route led through Wadai to Bornu. By the thirteenth century, Timbuktu was reported to have more than twenty-six tailor shops with approximately one hundred apprentices in training at each one. The trade route also facilitated cultural exchange between Africans and Arabs, promoting the spread of Islam. Scarce commodities that were only available in certain locations, such as salt or spices, were the biggest driver of trade networks, but once established, these roads also facilitated cultural exchange—including the spread of religion, ideas, knowledge, and sometimes even bacteria. The effects of Trans Saharan trade are evident in how African countries have mastered the art of international trade over centuries.
The survival of a caravan was precarious and would rely on careful coordination. Sailing ships were advanced boats that could be propelled by wind using a sail. This trade route was somewhat less efficient and only rose to great prominence when there was turmoil in the west such as during the conquests. As the nomads learned to know the great value of gold in Roman world, they perhaps started bartering it from the peoples of West Africa for salt and copper. On the other hand a raft was a simple floating structure made up of several logs tied together.
However, the adoption of Islam had not only political consequences but it also linked Western Africa culturally to the Islamic world and gave West Africans a concrete reason to cross the Sahara for the first time in their history. The traders were also attacked by the desert creatures such as scorpions and snakes. The Sahara was not just an area for transportation of goods but areas where people lived, exchanged and thrived but less so with the expansion of the desert. The early West African states such as early Ghana, had an influence that extended well into North Africa and vice versa. Drum beats Another form of traditional communication was drum beats which were used to communicate different messages to the communities. By the end of the lesson, you should be able to; · Define the term transport · Explain the traditional means of transport Traditional forms of transport Traditional forms of transport can be divided into land transport and water transport. Out of the contacts between the West African pastoralists with the Berber neighbors to the north whose nomadic life moved them seasonally towards and away from the zone of Mediterranean agriculture and civilization, grew a long distance trade across the desert that linked the subsequent histories of these two regions of Africa.
Much of the Europeans were obliterated during the time period, caused the failure of Byzantium reintegration of Italy. In addition to gold, slaves, and cloth, the Western Sudan exported animal hides, civet musk, spices, ambergris, kola nuts, and shea butter used for cooking oil, lamp lighting, and soap manufacture. The most important of them was a new religion, Islam, which was adopted in the states belonging to the sphere of the caravan trade by the end of the eleventh century. Silent bartering was a form of organization, and it included not speaking to one another when trading. During the 500-1590 period, routes rose and declined in importance depending on the empire in power and the amount of security it could maintain for traders and trade routes. This is supported by ancient documents like Tarikh al Sudan and earlier records from Al-Bakri showing that the Sahara had kingdoms where some had majority lighter skinned people and were ruled by black skinned rulers and vice versa.
There, and in other cities, Berber traders had increased contact with Islam, encouraging conversions, and by the eighth century, Muslims were traveling to Ghana. The Soninke empire soon lost its domination of the gold trade. Wooden rails were used in Britain and Germany. History of Africa, Second Edition. Copper from southern Morocco and the was also imported to the Sahel and the Western Sudan, as were silver, tin, lead, perfumes, bracelets, books, stone and coral beads, glass jewelry, and drinking implements.