Her father Iltutmish had arrived in Delhi as a slave serving under Qutb-ud-din and through his bravery and skill attained the position of a provincial governor. Iltutmish had great faith in her ability. He imparted a similar training in martial arts and administration to all his children, including Razia. Early Challenges and Problems before Raziya: Raziya had got the throne no doubt but it was a crown of thrones that had been placed on her head. Downfall: However, once the supported Turkish Nobles became very jealous of her and not digested how a woman could become the Sultan. All her formal education has been in the English language but her soul babbles in Hindi as much as it does in English. Razia Sultan, a brave sultan belonged to slave dynasty and was the first mulim women to rule India and only women to occupy the throne of Delhi.
Her giving up of the veil in shocked the conservative Muslims and was not taken to very kindly by the religious class. He broke away from Muslim tradition and named Razia as his heir apparent, becoming the first sultan to appoint a woman as his successor. In the excitement of getting high appointment from new sultan, Turkish nobles made a crucial mistake, they forgot about Altunia and gave him nothing. This fact made sense because, after he left for the Turkish nobles started to conspire against her and spread rumors about her and , an Habshi slave, and she began to meet her downfall. He thinks if Razia really wants to separate.
Razia immediately faced a challenge from her brother Ruknuddin who had killed his own brother to intimidate Razia and force her to abdicate. Razia established institutions, academies, centers for research, and general population libraries that included the works of historical philosophers along with the Qur'an and the traditions of Muhammad. Razia had triumphed in her tragedy. A secular ruler, Razia made efforts in safeguarding and conserving the inherent culture of the Hindu subjects in her reign. She did not support purdah system anymore.
Razia in an attempt to regain her throne assembled forces and marched towards Delhi along with Altunia. She attempted to do away with the tax imposed on non-Muslims, but was opposed by the nobility. Encroachments have all but consumed the site, blocking the sun from her wistful tomb. They both fell in to the hands of the enemy and were wiped out on 25th of Rabi' al-awwal A. Casting a new slant on the historical debate, Zakaria points out that Altunia would probably not have married Razia if he had been convinced she had had an affair with her slave Yaqut. Zakaria believes that Altunia was deeply in love with Razia, but that he was repeatedly rebuffed by her aloofness. No ruler before him had ever chosen a woman successor.
But after she got the throne, she chose masculine attire and became a noble and efficient ruler. She was very much interested in male sports rather than the then female sect who preferred to remain behind pardahs. . Even before she became Sultan, she was apparently preoccupied with the affairs of point out during her father's reign. Their leader was Malik Ikhtiar-ud-din Aitigin who was earlier the governor of Badaun. Meanwhile modern-day encroachers have placed plastic sheets around the tomb and started to live in it, turning it into an urban ghetto. Though it happened behind the many veils and doors their relationship was not secret in the Delhi High court.
Turkish nobles were threatened by the power of Razia and Jamal and that made the growth of the conspiracy against her in Lahore. But the sultana miscounted the consequences that a special relationship with one of her Assyrian slaves, Jamal Uddin Yaqut, would have for her reign. They were captured on the battlefield. According to some accounts, Razia and Yaqut were lovers; other sources simply identify them as close confidants. Works and Achievements of Razia Sultan Razia Sultana was the only woman who ruled the Delhi Sultanate.
A shrewd politician, Razia managed to keep the nobles in check, while enlisting the support of the army and the populace. In the pay of gratitude, Qut-ud-din gave his daughter as the bride to the Sultan. The rumor mill of Delhi, fanned by the jealousy of spurned and disappointed generals, went to work. But she was convinced by the Turks to escape and so she run away and then was killed by a peasant who gave her shelter and food. He was an Abyssinian slave.
India was by now a land influenced by Sufi movements and Razia had become a saint. According to one source, Iltumish's eldest son had in the beginning been groomed as his successor, but had passed on prematurely. On October 13, 1240, Razia Sultan was defeated by the Bahram and the unfortunate couple was put to death the very next day. However, her authority was not legitimate until the Caliph in Baghdad accepted it. By then Iltutmish realized that her daughter Razia was more efficient than his sons. So, she gave governorship of some province to capable non-turkish officers.
To book a tour or for more information present your queries in the form below. Nazeer Ahmed, PhD Islam liberated men and women from the shackles of slavery and made them masters of the world. She gave Wazarat to Muhazaabuddin who was the Naib Wazir. Altumish had three sons and one daughter, Razia. There are others who claim the site to be in Tonk, Rajasthan. Fathima says kingdom and power is in his hands.
The victorious Altuniya fell in love with his prisoner and married her. The new sultan gave promotion to those nobles who stood by her. However, those skills were imparted to her only expecting her to later make a good queen to a king and offer advice and assistance if needed — not to be a ruler herself. In the thirteenth century, the site of the tomb was a jungle, and no one knows how Razia's body ended up where it lies today. After becoming the Sultan of Delhi she adopted masculine attire and proved to be an efficient, just, and noble ruler. Razia had a full brother Nasiruddin Mahmud. They attacked the palace, threw Shah Turkan into prison and raised Razia Sultan to the throne.