Neither could they have struggled against Communism, if Communism had been a serious force in western Europe. In an age of Fuehrers and bombing planes it was a disaster. . The British working class are now better off in almost all ways than they were thirty years ago. As people to live under, and looking at them merely from a liberal, negative standpoint, the British ruling class had their points.
They continued year after year to preach this out-of-date gospel, and never drew any inference from the fact that it got them no followers. Many belligerent nations such as North Korea that wish to display dominance, hold massive military parades and march in goose-step style. At this point, Orwell isn't writing a manifesto - that comes later. They merely exist because of a widespread idea that there is something disgraceful in being educated by the public authorities. But this ignores the considerable agreement that does unfortunately exist between the leaders and the led. Hitherto there has been only the Labour Party, which was the creation of the working class but did not aim at any fundamental change, and Marxism, which was a German theory interpreted by Russians and unsuccessfully transplanted to England.
Therefore, while a species of war-Socialism exists within the German state, its attitude towards conquered nations is frankly that of an exploiter. He also credit England since they upholder marching. Till recently it was thought proper to pretend that all human beings are very much alike, but in fact anyone able to use his eyes knows that the average of human behaviour differs enormously from country to country. There is a sort of back-handed admission of this in the dislike which nearly all foreigners feel for our national way of life. Economically, England is certainly two nations, if not three or four. Even among the inner clique of politicians who brought us to our present pass, it is doubtful whether there were any conscious traitors.
The present Russian régime must almost certainly be hostile to any revolution in the West. The Vichy government, if it survives, is bound to introduce a stiffer parade-ground discipline into what is left of the French army. Production is only limited by the amount of labour and raw materials. But then, what have you in common with the child of five whose photograph your mother keeps on the mantelpiece? In the years between 1920 and 1940 it was happening with the speed of a chemical reaction. Oh, only a bomb on the Stock Exchange. It is doubtful whether they could be held down permanently, or whether Hitler wishes to keep an army of a million men stationed in these islands. These characteristics made them instinctively suspicious of the powerful and imbued them with a deep concern for the well-being of ordinary people.
It was and is primarily a party of the trade unions, devoted to raising wages and improving working conditions. George Orwell's moving reflections on the English character and his passionate belief in the need for political change. El libro de Orwell que aquí comento fue uno de ellos. They were simply parasites, less useful to society than his fleas are to a dog. What are the politics of Picture Post? A generation of the unteachable is hanging upon us like a necklace of corpses. Having seen the depths to which market forces had reduced the country during the slump, Orwell firmly believed that Britain would have to abolish capitalism and embrace socialism if the challenge of fascism was to be met.
The working class will have to suffer terrible things. A piece of Shakespearean bombast was much quoted at the beginning of the war. He is a symbol of the strange mixture of reality and illusion, democracy and privilege, humbug and decency, the subtle network of compromises, by which the nation keeps itself in its familiar shape. It is right enough, if you interpret it rightly. Public education in England has been meanly starved of money, but it has nevertheless improved, largely owing to the devoted efforts of the teachers, and the habit of reading has become enormously more widespread. The lords of property simply sat on their bottoms and proclaimed that all was for the best. Orwell often had conflicts with H.
A man with £3 a week and a man with £1,500 a year can feel themselves fellow creatures, which the Duke of Westminster and the sleepers on the Embankment benches cannot. Military dictatorships exist everywhere, but there is no such thing as a naval dictatorship. So also with external propaganda. It is not primarily a question of change of government. It is grosser than in any European country, and you have only to look down the nearest street to see it. In the form in which I have put it, it could be printed on the front page of the Daily Mirror. The totalitarian idea that there is no such thing as law, there is only power, has never taken root.
For what war aim can Halifax, or anyone like him, conceivably have, except to put the clock back to 1933? Several dukes, earls and what nots were killed in the recent campaign in Flanders. Do I mean by all this that England is a genuine democracy? Neither the Japanese, the Russians, the Germans nor the Italians would be capable of administering India even at the low level of efficiency that is attained by the British. Nevertheless, nothing is causeless, and even the fact that Englishmen have bad teeth can tell something about the realities of English life. When a Socialist movement native to England appears, the Marxists, like all others with a vested interest in the past, will be its bitter enemies. Few Europeans can endure living in England, and even Americans often feel more at home in Europe.