Assam is one of the flood prone States in the country. First and foremost, Assam lies in the heart of Monsoon belt and so gets an overabundance of rain. The government must spend more in creating awareness and making the same available at subsidized cost to people. Economic Survey - Latest release. Floods are caused mainly by two river systems — the Brahmaputra and the Barak. Geothermal energy is gaining importance as alternate source of energy.
As of 14 July, 2017, at least 85 people were dead as a result of the flooding and 4 lac people have been affected and 500,000 have been homeless. The district administration had set up relief camps across affected districts which were insufficient to meet the needs of the affected people. This paper presents the case study on the losses in terms of livestock, human lives and that in terms of property that have taken place in Dhakuakhana area of Assam. The index and other properties like consolidation and swelling of Bentonite-silt mixture was determined. Flood causes wide erosion and causes the spread of communicable diseases such as cholera, typhoid, dysentery etc. In this case, it is Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. The districts are Bongaigaon, Chirang, Dhemaji, Golaghat, Jorhat, Kamrup, Karimganj, Lakhimpur, Morigaon, Nagaon, Sivasagar and Tinsukia.
The Brahmaputra originates in Mansorovar in Tibet and rushes through the middle of the state from east to west. During earlier flood seasons, it was customary practice for the prime minister of the day to make helicopter rounds of flood-hit areas, assuage apprehensions and promise relief packages. A damage of Rs 3,200 crore in 2012 was the highest for a single year since data on floods had begun to be compiled. It expands during the rainy season and shrinks during summer season. Today, the three families are forced to take refuge in the homes of their friends and relatives. The floods have affected more than 1. As hydrological experts cast doubts and India mulls a navigating channel connecting the landlocked Northeast with sea ports, New Delhi is now weighing the possibility of also funding the dredging project in the Padma also called Podda — the name for the merged Brahmaputra and Ganga in Bangladesh.
Immediate response was carried out by member agencies after preliminary assessment considering the urgency of the crisis situation. Some of the major reasons for lack of health services were non accessibility, damage to buildings due to siltation and washing away due to overflow of water. Assessment team recommended that immediate support must reach to the worst affected people living in self-settled camps. History of the World - Arjun Dev 6. Many roads and bridges were washed away cutting all road links to rest of the state.
Expansive soils cover nearly 20% of the landmass in India and include almost the entire Deccan plateau, Western Madhya Pradesh, parts of Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, and Maharashtra. This will work best when local people are made stakeholders in finding localized solutions based on local topography. What are the major causes of flood and soil erosion? But it has not improved the overall situation. One of the reasons for flooding in plains of Brahmaputra valley in north east India is embankment breaching. Besides the natural calamities, harmful human activities like deforestation, accelerated rated of land use, filling up low lying areas of for the construction of buildings and reckless urban developments are also responsible for floods in Assam. It is also observed that 17 out of 34 districts in Assam are severely flood affected. In 1972, the year the town witnessed a severe flood, he built this house on a plot of over an acre.
This leads us to the conclusion that that over 90% of the affected people will be without access to food after three weeks. The natural course of the river flows from high elevation to a steep falling elevation once the river enters India. The state of Assam is frequently ravaged by the fury of mighty Brahmaputra and its tributaries causing untold human misery and devastation of indescribable nature. Flood is not a new phenomenon in Assam. Before Floods During Floods Satellite Images showing the normal and flood conditions at Kaziranga National Park in Assam State.
Assam is one of the worst victim of floods in India. Till that fateful day, it was the home of a joint family of three brothers, Madhurjya being the youngest. These methods include densifying treatments such as compaction or preloading , pore water Guwahati is the gateway of North East India and is developing very fast and imposes high growth of infrastructural activities in transportation, real estate industry, health and education which involves substantial amount of civil engineering works and materials. One of the two parallel bridges over the Ranganadi was damaged and is still shut for traffic, as repairs and retrofitting work continue. What are the major causes of flood and soil erosion? The average width of the valley is 80-90 km while the average width of the river is 6-10 km.
A major portion of the East-West corridor is falling in the city area in which huge quantity of earthwork is involved. Assam is no stranger to monsoon floods, and this year is proving to be no different. The 2900 km long river and its numerous tributaries such as, Subansiri, Manas, Gadadhar, Sonkosh, Dhansiri, Kopili, Krishnai etc. Analysis of the sector on food security and livelihood has shown that 56% of the affected people have food availability for less than a week and 34% of the people have reported availability of food for a period of 1-3 weeks. The administration decided to shut down the highway for 12 hours as the flood situation exacerbated. No safe and private facilities were made available for women and girls. The elders were given a helping hand and many people in the area spent the night either on National Highway 15 or on the Ziro road.
Also, the State Disaster Management came into being only in 2010. Both short term and long term measures are sometimes failed to mitigate the losses caused by flood. In this case, it is Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. The geographical setting of the region, high intensity rainfall, easily erodible geographical formations, earthquake Zone, massive deforestation, great amount of land used, and explosive population growth in the flood control are some of the dominant factors that cause floods in Assam. As of 1 August 2016 , 28 people had been killed as a result of the flooding starting 17 July, according to a report by the State Disaster Management Authority.