Radley, but Jem insists on going. Scout tells the story from an adult point-of-view but with a child's eye and voice, which gives the story a good deal of humor and wit. Several other items appear in the tree over the next few days, including more chewing gum, a spelling bee metal, and an old watch. They leave it there for a few days, but no one takes it, so they claim it for their own. Additionally, the mending of Jem's pants and the gifts in the tree can be attributed to Boo, though the novel never explicitly mentions he is behind this.
By searching for the man who has been made into a monster by society, they bring back his basic common humanity and unite him with everyone else in spite of his unusual personality. When Scout begins to feel left out by Jem and Dill, she starts to spend considerable time with a neighbor, Miss Maudie Atkinson. With several buckets of dirt, Jem forms the torso and head of a mudman. Lee adeptly helps readers understand how Tom feels by having a child experience the same emotions. Chapter 5 Jem and Dill have become closer friends, and Scout, being a girl, finds herself often excluded from their play. Scout is wrapped in a blanket that she didn't have when she left the house.
Whenever strange things happen in the neighborhood, Boo is often blamed. His apparent lie probably implies that he is against any friendship between his son and anyone. With the return of summer also comes Dill's return. That night was colder than anyone in Maycomb County remembered, and Atticus woke Scout after what seemed like only a few minutes of sleep because Miss Maudie's house was burning. Their search through the darkness, the many gates, the vegetables in the yard, and then Dill's glance through the dark window with curtains through which there is one small light are somewhat symbolic of the children's search through layers of ignorance and rumor to find the truth underneath it all.
Scout blames Calpurnia for teaching her how to write in script on rainy days. The section further reveals Atticus as the moral figurehead of the novel in the way he raises his children. Lee is careful to make clear that the children don't mind Atticus defending a black man as much as they mind the comments other people make about Atticus. The outside world continues to impose standards of femininity on Scout in Chapter 8 and 9. A patient and loving, if somewhat unusual, father, Atticus acts as the voice of reason for his children, and later the entire town.
Dill dares Jem to go inside the boundary of the Radleys' front gate. Their curiosity and the drama game they create shows how desperately they wanted to find answers to their questions about Boo in the absence of any real information or knowledge. Readers get the impression that Uncle Jack is less upset by Scout's language than by the fact that a girl is using that kind of language. Miss Maudie also believes in the importance of pleasure and the enjoyment of life. Atticus sent Scout and Jem down the street by the Radley place to watch from a safe distance, and they stood there shivering as their neighbor's house melted to ashes. From the children's point-of-view, their most compelling neighbor is Boo Radley, a recluse whom none of them has ever seen.
The children comfort her and she reads them a story. The chapter establishes that Atticus can relate to all kinds of people, including poor farm children. Scout agrees and Atticus reads to her and Jem from the papers. Therefore, he comes across as an excessively stern character. The Radley house is old, dark, closed-off, and uncivilized in contrast to the rest of the neighborhood: once white, it is now a slate-gray color, with rotten shingles, little sunlight, overgrown yards, and a closed door on Sundays. Then Jem was struck with inspiration.
The three try to start a few games, but quickly get bored. Back in class, Scout gets bored and starts writing a letter to Dill, but is criticized again by her teacher for knowing how to write in script when she's only supposed to print in first grade. They crawl under a fence on the property as the man fires shots at them. A few weeks after Jem's punishment ends, Mrs. Dill says goodbye to them, and Jem and Scout go to bed. I agree with Atticus, but I still think its strange. Atticus tells Scout that he has been asked to be Tom Robinson's lawyer, a black man who has been accused of raping a white woman.
Appomattox town in central Virginia, near Lynchburg: In a former nearby village Appomattox Court House , Lee surrendered to Grant April 9, 1865 , ending the Civil War. Here we see how the law, which is meant to protect people, can sometimes be harmful if followed too absolutely. As with the previous summer, they three children act out scenes from their favorite stories. She also says that most of the rumors about him aren't true. The heat of the fire contrasts sharply with the intense cold, providing an allusion to the sharply defined sides in the upcoming trial and conflict.
The novel takes begins during the summer. One's social survival depends on how well he or she follows the rules. Jem finally agrees to do this. Atticus agreed that they should just keep all of this to themselves and maybe one day Scout could thank the man who covered her with the blanket. Dill has returned to his family in Meridian, and Scout eagerly awaits her first day of school.